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Police Traffic Radar Expert Witness

Theory of Police Traffic Radar: Police Traffic Radar speed measuring devices that are used by law enforcement to issue speeding violations, which uses an electronic beam. The police officer activates the unit at the moving targeted vehicle, in which the beam strikes the target and reflects back to the radar unit and the police officer Continue Reading

Police Traffic Lidar Expert

Lidar / Laser Speeding – How  Police Laser / Lidar  Works? (Theory): Laser / Lidar speed measuring devices that are used to issue speeding tickets, uses an infrared light that strikes a targeted vehicle reflects this light back to the lidar device in which the officer reads the display. SOP (Standard Operating Procedure): The LASER Continue Reading

Reasons For Probable Cause – DUI/DWI/Marijuana

Probable Cause Stops – Reasons   Definitions of  Probable Cause; “A well-grounded suspicion that a crime has been or is being committed”, such as violating traffic laws, e.g. speeding, signals, signs, pavement marking.   Reasons for Traffic Stop –  Probable Cause: If this traffic stop to be legal the officer must meet certain elements, such Continue Reading

Probable Cause Speeding Stop

With the advancement of technology, more police departments are using technology to their advantage concerning  probable cause traffic stops (Tate) in relationship to speed measuring devices such as radar, laser/lidar, pacing, gap timing and traffic control devices (stop signs, traffic lights and pavement markings). In essence, the police officer uses traffic violations (tickets) as an Continue Reading

NY Judge Ruled: Police Need A Warrant Stingray Device

What Is A Stingray Device? Stingray device is a cell phone simulator, which emits a signal that simulates a cell phone tower, in which a series of pings are sent.  It is these pings (signal strengths) that allow the device to calculate the location  ( See US v Lambis, 197 F. Supp 3d 606 [2016]). Continue Reading

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